Artificial intelligence (AI) is the ability of a computer program or a machine to think and learn. You can say, that it is the field of study which tries to make computers “smart”. They work on their own without being feeded with commands.
In general, Artificial Intelligence refers to a program which mimics human thought process. The first person, to come up with the concept of Artificial Intelligence, was John McCarthy, in the year 1955.
As of now, we use the term AI, for successfully understanding human speech, competing at a higher level in a strategic game like chess. Self driven cars are great examples, as the car needs to take the decision of navigation, braking, by following traffic rules and signals at the same time. However, some people also consider AI a danger to humanity if it continues to progress at its current pace. (You might think of the movie, IRobot)
The highest goal of AI research is to create computer programs that can learn, solve problems, and think logically, according to any given situation.
“Everything we love about civilization is a product of intelligence, so amplifying our human intelligence with artificial intelligence has the potential of helping civilization flourish like never before – as long as we manage to keep the technology beneficial.“
Could AI be a danger to humans?
Researchers agree that a superintelligent AI is unlikely to exhibit human emotions like love or hate, and that there is no reason to expect AI to become intentionally violent and harm us. However, they say that AI could become a factor of risk, in the given two scenarios.
1- If the AI is programmed to do something highly destructive or damaging: When you come across the word autonomous weapons, we can guess, that these are artificial intelligence system, programmed to kill. Now, just imagine if this technology in the wrong hands. One could easily create mass causalities, right? Also if this tech is used in wars, they would make the system, very difficult, to simply ‘Turn Off’, so humans could loose control over such conditions.
2- If the AI is programmed to do something beneficial, but it develops a kind of devastating method for achieving it’s goal: Just imagine, if you ask your intelligent car, to take you to the airport as soon possible, there could be chances, that it’ll get you there, chased by police cars, your eye balls popped out, air bags operated, and you’re fully covered in your own vomit. Possible? Yes, because the car didn’t do what you wanted, but did literally what you asked for.
Garner’s report: Artificial Intelligence could replace routine office works.
By 2024, Gartner, Inc. predicts that these technologies will replace almost 69 per cent of the manager’s routine workload. Automation will not impact all categories of managers equally, however, it will be more for managers in operational and supervisory roles. But, managerial jobs, which require critical thinking, intuitive decision-making or innovation and creativity will not be at risk. While technology can help in coming to decision, these domain areas will remain with people in the foreseeable future.